The Nature Reserve "Gorgany"  represents a natural reference model of a site not disturbed by human intervention in the central part of the Ukrainian Carpathians. It contains the only in Europe and world primeval forest site of a relict species belonging to the early holocoen period – Swiss (European) cembra pine. It covers with a continuous massif three climate zones and five vertical vegetation zones of primeval, relict and endemic vegetation, habitats and amnimal populations. The reserve contains a vertically and horizontally homonegous belt of the five primeval forests subformations and demonstrates stages of pristine vegetation development starting from the early holocoene. Some of the most hardy post-gacial populations of of relict Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and water (dark) birch. The Gorgany mountain range is famous for its localities of arboreal flora and cleavages of parent bedrock of a great scientific significance in terms of investigating the history of the vegetational cover in the psot-glacial period, and studies of the mountain and highland ecosystems’ dynamics tendencies caused by changes of climate situation.


Majestic virgin forests of the Gorgany Nature Reserve (2100 ha) together with the reserve’s unique vegetation complex (3600 ha) represent a potential UNESCO World Natural Heritage site.



182 vertebrate species are registered within the reserve and on the adjacent areas (birds Aves - 106, mammals Mammalia - 47, fishes Pisces - 12, amphibians Amphibia - 10, reptiles Reptilia - 6, cyclostomatous Cyclostomata - 1). 33 of them are listed to the Red Book of Ukraine.


Flora of vascular plants in the Gorgany Nature Reserve is made up of 5 orders, 79 families, 266 genuses and 451 species.




The Gorgany range covers the central part of the Ukrainian Carpathians and hase difficult access because of extremely steep slopes and scree areas.